The original form of chess is thousands of years old, so there is not much known about the origin and early history. The word chess comes from the Persian word Shah, which means king. The word mat is Persian (Maata) that misalignment of means.
The oldest recognizable version of chess probably stems from the sixth-century eastern Persia, now northern India and is known as chaturanga, but there are indications that this game is based on an even older version for four people, each on one side of the sitting board. Different versions of chaturanga spread eastward to China and Japan and, in the form of Shatranj, westward to the Arab world via Italy and Spain during the 11th century eventually penetrate into Europe. Probably the Vikings played a key role in here, as the oldest European discoveries of his chess pieces along the coasts.
The current form of chess originated in the late 15th century in France when the lady with the current powerful capabilities made its appearance. Therefore chess called a royal game. Before the queen or queen was a rather limited and weak piece. All of the mid-twentieth century was suggested that chess originated possibly from China and recently go again voices that the origin of chess place there or in Uzbekistan.