Vincent Willem van Gogh (Zundert, March 30, 1853 - € "Auvers-sur-Oise, July 29, 1890) was a Dutch painter. His work was under Post-Impressionism, an art movement that nineteenth-century impressionism succeeded. Van Gogh's influence on Expressionism, Fauvism and early abstraction was enormous and can be seen in many other aspects of twentieth-century art. The Van Gogh Museum is dedicated to the work of Van Gogh and his contemporaries.
Van Gogh is nowadays considered as one of the great painters of the 19th century. However, this recognition came late. During his lifetime, only sold one painting: The Red Vineyard (Pushkin Museum in Moscow). Anna Boch, a Belgian artist and sister of his friend Eugène Boch bought it then for 400 francs at the exhibition of Les XX in Brussels in 1890, a few months before Van Gogh's death.
It went only three years between his melancholy The Potato Eaters (1885) and the color explosion in the southern Arles (1888). Van Gogh produced all of his work in just ten years before he began to suffer from a mental illness and, one assumes general, committed suicide. His fame grew after his death quickly.